Article 7115

Title of the article

 ORGANIZATIONAL BASIS OF MUNICIPAL FACILITIES OF RUSSIAN REGIONAL CENTERS
IN LATE XVIII – EARLY XX CENTURIES (BY MATERIALS OF PENZA AND TAMBOV)

Authors

Ilyin Alexey Yuryevich, Candidate of historical sciences, professor, director of the Tambov branch of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation (16 Bastionnaya street, Tambov, Russia), auilyin@yandex.ru

Index UDK

930.2(082)"311"(1-35)

Abstract

Background. Studying the history of the city economy in Russia allows to see the roots of many of today's housing problems. The purpose of the article is to analyze historical changes in the structure, functions and specific activities of the municipal economy of Penza and Tambov within two centuries.
Materials and methods. Implementation of the research tasks was achieved through the use of documents obtained in the Russian State Historical Archives, National Archives of Penza and Tambov regions, the State Archive of Socio-Political History of Tambov region. A special place in the wotk is taken by the published regulations, news stories, memoirs of contemporaries. The methodological potential includes the system-structural method, which made it possible to determine the degree of consistency in the activities of state, municipal and private institutions in the area of municipal services; the comparative historical method, the use of which allowed to compare similarities and the specificity of the organizational bases of municipal services of Penza and Tambov in different periods of history.
Results. The author determined a circle of state, municipal, public and private organizations, institutions and enterprises that dealt with urban management in Penza and Tambov at different stages in the history of these cities and compared their functions and mechanisms of interaction in the course of their duties.
Conclusions. The study of the structure and functions of organizations and institutions involved in the municipal economy of Penza and Tambov showed unsystematic organizational bases of municipal economy, excessive branching and unnecessary interlacing in the institutional framework of municipal services. The provincial (regional) authorities acted as supervisors and direct participants in municipal issues settlement. Many activities, performed by these regional structures, were made just for show. Creation of normal conditions for the "ordinary" citizens’ life was always in the second place. The historical experience shows that the population created municipal legislative and administrative institutions able to decide questions of municipal economy, and eventually to become viable civil society institutions.

Key words

municipal economy, institutional framework and structure, regional centers, Penza, Tambov.

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Дата создания: 10.07.2015 10:01
Дата обновления: 17.07.2015 08:43